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The origin of poker
- Aug 06, 2018 -


Poker is an entertaining, gambling paper tool that is popular around the world. Because of its different ways of playing, it is commonly known as playing cards, Wanliu, Majiu, etc., and the titles are different. Its standard name poker is the transliteration of the poker.

The origin of the playing cards is still not completely certain, but it is generally believed to be derived from the Chinese leaf operas that were transmitted during the Southern Song Dynasty in the 12th and 13th centuries. Another widely recognized is that it has evolved from the Tarot card. The modern 2D poker patent was applied in July 2010.


Early poker cards were probably introduced to Europe by Egypt at the end of the 14th century. In the 15th century, K was usually regarded as the biggest card, and A was the smallest card. The way to treat A as the biggest and 2 as the smallest may now begin after the French Revolution in the late eighteenth century. "JOKER" is the invention of the United States and then returned to Europe with poker. The origin of poker has a long history. People only know that poker is from foreign Europe. In fact, paper toys originated in China. As far back as the early Zhou dynasty, it was said that the young Zhou Chengwang had played a game of "cutting the leaves of the leaves" with his younger brother and uncle in the court. At that time, paper was not invented, so the leaves were used as toys. In the Tang and Song dynasties, Chinese ancestors invented a kind of card that can be used for both game and gambling, called "leaf play." It is also said that the generals Han Xin invented a card for entertainment in the military in order to reduce the number of nostalgia for the soldiers. Because it only has the size of the leaves, it is called the leaf play. From the literati bachelor to the civilians, they are all happy. In the Ming and Qing dynasties, the "Leaf Play" cards, each with 40 cards, were divided into 4 categories. There are many patterns on the cards, including characters, birds, beasts, flowers, birds, insects, fish, etc.

Medium term

After the end of the Qing Dynasty to the Republic of China, the cards were about 8 cm long and about 2 cm wide. People called cards.


Four suits

Four color albums

Before and after the founding of the People's Republic of China, Chaoshan folks also prevailed in card gambling. The gameplay was gradually categorized by a simple arrangement. Each card was printed with a digital number of 1 to 10 points, or painted on the board of chess, "handsome, official, phase, The car is 32 words, red, blue, black and white, a total of 64, as a gamble. 2 to 4 people gamble. Around the 13th century AD, this card game, passed to Europe, after a period of time, cards It evolved into a card and gradually formed the current popular playing card and became an international card. The number of cards in the earliest place varies from place to place. 78 pieces per pair in Italy, 32 pieces in Germany, 40 pieces in Spain, France Each pair of 52. The King of the Kings will become 52 pairs of international playing cards, plus "Joker" (also known as the King of the King or the Big and Big Ghosts), a total of 54. At this point, the playing cards, Points and k, q, j patterns, basically stereotyped. Poker cards are divided into four colors, namely, spades, red peaches, square horns, plum blossoms. The four colors have different names. The French call it "spear, heart, square, clove "Ye", the German called "leaf, heart, bell, oak "Italian people call it "swords, coins, sticks, wine glasses." Later, according to the calendar in astronomy, Westerners set the content of this card game card to 54 pieces, four colors. Thus, after a long time of evolution, Gradually tend to be consistent. There are many kinds of playing cards, the most common are bridges, percentages, red spots, hundreds, 21 points, etc. Since the number of cards in cards is consistent with the calendar of astronomy, There is a saying that poker is the epitome of the calendar. The reason is: 54 cards, which means 52 weeks a year, two decks of big cats represent the sun, kittens represent the moon; peaches, hearts, squares, and plums represent spring and summer. Seasons in autumn and winter. Red peaches and squares represent white pelicans, spades and plums represent dark nights; the number of cards in each season of 13 weeks and poker is exactly 13 cards, and the number of 13 cards is 364 plus The point of the kitten is 365, which is the same as the number of days in the general year; if you increase the point of the cat, it is exactly the number of days in the next year. There are 12 cards of k, q, j, etc., which means that there are 12 in a year. Month, it is said that the sun has passed 12 in a year. Nowadays, poker is not only made of paper, but also many other materials. There are cloisonnuck gold poker, gold foil silver poker, crystal poker, agate poker, ivory poker, elephant bone poker, horn bone poker, Bamboo Poker, Plexiglass Poker, Fiberglass Poker... These cards are for collection and are rarely used. For example, agate poker, ivory bone poker, and horn bone poker are all made into the shape of mahjong. But when playing, it is still the way of playing poker. There are also many special-shaped poker cards, such as round, Christmas tree, shoe, triangle, snowman. It is understood that the country's biggest playing card is Tianjin Qixu Chao's collection of Kirin Poker, Chang 56 Cm, 36.5 cm wide; the smallest card is only as big as a small fingernail.

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