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playing cards Basic meaning
- Nov 28, 2018 -


Poker is an entertaining, gambling paper tool that is popular around the world. Because of its different ways of playing, it is commonly known as playing cards, Wanliu, Majiu, etc., and the titles are different. Its standard name poker is the transliteration of the poker.

The origin of playing cards is not completely certain, but it is generally believed to have evolved from the French tarot card.

Early poker cards were probably introduced to Europe by Egypt at the end of the 14th century.

In the 15th century, K was usually regarded as the biggest card, and A was the smallest card. The way to treat A as the biggest and 2 as the smallest may now begin after the French Revolution in the late eighteenth century.

"JOKER" is the invention of the United States and then returned to Europe with poker.

The origin of poker has a long history. People only know that poker is from foreign Europe. In fact, paper toys originated in China.

As far back as the early Zhou dynasty, it was said that the young Zhou Chengwang had played a game of "cutting the leaves of the leaves" with his younger brother and uncle in the court. At that time, paper was not invented, so the leaves were used as toys. In the Tang and Song dynasties, Chinese ancestors invented a kind of card that can be used for both game and gambling, called "leaf play." It is also said that the generals Han Xin invented a card for entertainment in the military in order to reduce the number of nostalgia for the soldiers. Because it only has the size of the leaves, it is called the leaf play. From the literati bachelor to the civilians, they are all happy. In the Ming and Qing dynasties, the "Leaf Play" cards, each with 40 cards, were divided into 4 categories. There are many patterns on the cards, including characters, birds, beasts, flowers, birds, insects, fish, etc. After the end of the Qing Dynasty to the Republic of China, the cards were about 8 cm long and about 2 cm wide. People called cards. Before and after the founding of the People's Republic of China, Chaoshan folks also prevailed in card gambling. The gameplay was gradually categorized by a simple arrangement. Each card was printed with a digital number of 1 to 10 points, or painted on the chess board, "handsome, official, phase, The car is 32 words, red, blue, black and white, a total of 64, as a gamble. 2 to 4 people gamble.

Around the 13th century, this card game was passed to Europe. After a period of time, the card evolved into a card, which gradually formed a universal playing card and became an international card.

The number of cards at the earliest is different. There are 78 pieces in each pair in Italy, 32 in each pair in Germany, 40 in each pair in Spain, and 52 in each pair in France. In the future, it will become 52 pairs of international poker cards, plus "Joker" (also known as the size of the king or the big and small ghosts), a total of 54. At this point, the colors, points and k, q, j patterns on the playing cards are basically finalized.

The playing cards are divided into four colors, namely, spades, red peaches, square horns, and plum blossoms. The four colors have different names. The French called "spear, heart, square, clove leaf", the German called "leaf, heart, bell, acorn", the Italian called "sword, coin, stick, wine glass."

Later, according to the calendar in astronomy, Westerners set the uniform content of this card game card to 54 pieces and four colors. In this way, after a long period of time, it gradually became more consistent.

There are many kinds of playing cards, the most common ones are bridges, playing percentages, fishing red spots, shooting hundreds, 21 points, 24 points, etc., and so on. Since the number of cards in a card is consistent with the astronomical calendar, there is a saying that poker is the epitome of the calendar. The reasons are:

There are 54 cards, which means that there are 52 weeks in a year. Two decks of big cats represent the sun, kittens represent the moon, and peaches, hearts, squares and plums represent the spring, summer, autumn and winter seasons. The red card represents the day, the black card represents the night; the number of cards in each season of 13 weeks and poker is exactly 13 cards, the number of points in 52 cards is 364, plus the point of the kitten is 365. It is the same as the number of days in the general year; if you increase the point of the cat, it is exactly the number of days in the leap year. There are 12 cards of K, Q and J in the playing card, which means that there are 12 months in a year, and it means that the sun has passed 12 constellations in a year.

Poker is not only made of paper, but also many other materials. There are cloisonné gold poker, gold foil silver poker, crystal poker, agate poker, ivory poker, bone bone poker, horn bone poker, bamboo poker, plexiglass poker, fiberglass poker... these cards are used To collect, rarely used to fight. For example, agate poker, ivory bone poker, and horn bone poker have all been made into the shape of mahjong, but it is still playing poker. There are also many special-shaped poker cards, such as round, Christmas tree, shoe, triangle, snowman...

Card point

The four colors are spade (also known as the sunflower fan), red heart (heart, also known as red peach), plum blossom (club, also known as grass flower), square ♦ (diamond, also known as brick or square, The Sichuan-Yunnan region is called "Baba". Spades and plums are black, and the other two are red hearts and squares are red. Thirteen cards per suit, number one to ten, English letters J, Q, K. The cards from one to ten are represented by the number of patterns, while the J, Q, and K are represented by the head cards.

Why do you want to use these four patterns as the suits of playing cards?

There are two types of statements that are concentrated:

One said that these four colors represent the four main industries of the society at that time, in which spades represent spears and symbolize military personnel; plums represent three-leaf flowers, symbolizing agriculture; squares represent bricks used by artisans; and peaches represent red hearts, symbolizing Priest.

The other is that these four colors are derived from the patterns of artifacts used in ancient European divination. The spades represent olive leaves and symbolize peace; plums are clover, which means lucky; squares are diamond-shaped, symbolizing wealth; and red peaches are red hearts. Type, symbolizing wisdom and love.

Game editing

The other side is popular popular gameplay

First, the bridge

Second, Solitaire

Third, arch pig

Four, Stud

5, 10:30 (see "10:30 game")

Six or twenty

Seven, blush

Eight, the second child (the land)

Nine, bad Jack

Ten, stalker

Eleven, Poker King (PK King)

Twelve, Dou XIV (zuà幺4)

Thirteen, fried golden flowers (bottle chicken, catch chicken)

Fourteen, catching turtles

Fifteen, play thousands of points

Sixteen, upgrade

Seventeen, double buckle

Eighteen, husband and wife

Nineteen, fifty K

Twenty, run fast

Twenty-one, flying seven three two one ("fly" for "ghost", that is, king or Xiaowang)

Twenty-two, seven ghosts five two three

Twenty-three: dry eyes

Twenty-four: playing the dice

Twenty-five: Landlords

Single self-entertainment

First, inverted trapezoid

Second, the imprisoned queen

Third, the pyramid puzzle

Four, smiling roses

Fifth, the event

Six years

Seven, the same flower Dashun

Eight, the Queen meets

IX, Canfield

Ten, soldiers meet each other

Eleven, the rear battlefield

Twelve, golf

Thirteen, crescent

Fourteen, the gate of victory

Fifteen, four golden flowers

Sixteen, double pairing

Nineteen, rotating clock

Twenty-fourteen square

Twenty-one, the state guest into the city

Twenty-two, eight dragons return to the sea

Twenty-three, red and black

Twenty-four, four with the same painted card

Twenty-five, royal wedding

Twenty-six, Emperor

Twenty-seven, seven steps

Twenty-eight, twenty-four

Double play

First, the poker king (PK King)

Second, 7 King 523

Third, fishing

Four, on Hu

Five, husband and wife

Sixth, the red dot

Seven, ten and a half

Multiplayer resistance

First, the card

Two, fifty K: 3 to 5 people playing

Third, the tractor

Fourth, Texas Hold'em

Five, Poker King (PK King)

Six or three

Seven, hand one

Eight, Baohuang

Nine, Doo XIV (zuà幺4): 2 to 4 people playing

Ten, playing golden flowers (bottle chicken, catch chicken): 2 to 17 people to play

Eleven, catch the turtle: 3 to 8 people play

Twelve, play a thousand points: 4 people play

Thirteen, upgrade: 4 people play

Fourteen, double buckle: 4 pairs of two decks

Fifteen, run fast: 3 to 4 people play

Sixteen, enough level: 6 people to play

Seventeen, knock three

Eighteen, bullfighting

Nineteen, fight for the upper reaches

Twenty, falling pit

Twenty-one, digging holes


Twenty-three, red ten

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