Poker is an entertaining, gambling paper tool that is popular around the world. Because of its different ways of playing, it is commonly known as playing cards, Wanliu, Majiu, etc., and the titles are different. Its standard name poker is the transliteration of the poker.
The origin of playing cards is not completely certain, but it is generally believed to have evolved from the French tarot card.
Early poker cards were probably introduced to Europe by Egypt at the end of the 14th century.
In the 15th century, K was usually regarded as the biggest card, and A was the smallest card. The way to treat A as the biggest and 2 as the smallest may now begin after the French Revolution in the late eighteenth century.
"JOKER" is the invention of the United States and then returned to Europe with poker.
The origin of poker has a long history. People only know that poker is from foreign Europe. In fact, paper toys originated in China.
As far back as the early Zhou dynasty, it was said that the young Zhou Chengwang had played a game of "cutting the leaves of the leaves" with his younger brother and uncle in the court. At that time, paper was not invented, so the leaves were used as toys. In the Tang and Song dynasties, Chinese ancestors invented a kind of card that can be used for both game and gambling, called "leaf play." It is also said that the generals Han Xin invented a card for entertainment in the military in order to reduce the number of nostalgia for the soldiers. Because it only has the size of the leaves, it is called the leaf play. From the literati bachelor to the civilians, they are all happy. In the Ming and Qing dynasties, the "Leaf Play" cards, each with 40 cards, were divided into 4 categories. There are many patterns on the cards, including characters, birds, beasts, flowers, birds, insects, fish, etc. After the end of the Qing Dynasty to the Republic of China, the cards were about 8 cm long and about 2 cm wide. People called cards. Before and after the founding of the People's Republic of China, Chaoshan folks also prevailed in card gambling. The gameplay was gradually categorized by a simple arrangement. Each card was printed with a digital number of 1 to 10 points, or painted on the chess board, "handsome, official, phase, The car is 32 words, red, blue, black and white, a total of 64, as a gamble. 2 to 4 people gamble.
Around the 13th century, this card game was passed to Europe. After a period of time, the card evolved into a card, which gradually formed a universal playing card and became an international card.
The number of cards at the earliest is different. There are 78 pieces in each pair in Italy, 32 in each pair in Germany, 40 in each pair in Spain, and 52 in each pair in France. In the future, it will become 52 pairs of international poker cards, plus "Joker" (also known as the size of the king or the big and small ghosts), a total of 54. At this point, the colors, points and k, q, j patterns on the playing cards are basically finalized.
The playing cards are divided into four colors, namely, spades, red peaches, square horns, and plum blossoms. The four colors have different names. The French called "spear, heart, square, clove leaf", the German called "leaf, heart, bell, acorn", the Italian called "sword, coin, stick, wine glass."
Later, according to the calendar in astronomy, Westerners set the uniform content of this card game card to 54 pieces and four colors. In this way, after a long period of time, it gradually became more consistent.
There are many kinds of playing cards, the most common ones are bridges, playing percentages, fishing red spots, shooting hundreds, 21 points, 24 points, etc., and so on. Since the number of cards in a card is consistent with the astronomical calendar, there is a saying that poker is the epitome of the calendar. The reasons are:
There are 54 cards, which means that there are 52 weeks in a year. Two decks of big cats represent the sun, kittens represent the moon, and peaches, hearts, squares and plums represent the spring, summer, autumn and winter seasons. The red card represents the day, the black card represents the night; the number of cards in each season of 13 weeks and poker is exactly 13 cards, the number of points in 52 cards is 364, plus the point of the kitten is 365. It is the same as the number of days in the general year; if you increase the point of the cat, it is exactly the number of days in the leap year. There are 12 cards of K, Q and J in the playing card, which means that there are 12 months in a year, and it means that the sun has passed 12 constellations in a year.
Poker is not only made of paper, but also many other materials. There are cloisonné gold poker, gold foil silver poker, crystal poker, agate poker, ivory poker, bone bone poker, horn bone poker, bamboo poker, plexiglass poker, fiberglass poker... these cards are used To collect, rarely used to fight. For example, agate poker, ivory bone poker, and horn bone poker have all been made into the shape of mahjong, but it is still playing poker. There are also many special-shaped poker cards, such as round, Christmas tree, shoe, triangle, snowman...
The four colors are spade (also known as the sunflower fan), red heart (heart, also known as red peach), plum blossom (club, also known as grass flower), square ♦ (diamond, also known as brick or square, The Sichuan-Yunnan region is called "Baba". Spades and plums are black, and the other two are red hearts and squares are red. Thirteen cards per suit, number one to ten, English letters J, Q, K. The cards from one to ten are represented by the number of patterns, while the J, Q, and K are represented by the head cards.
Why do you want to use these four patterns as the suits of playing cards?
There are two types of statements that are concentrated:
One said that these four colors represent the four main industries of the society at that time, in which spades represent spears and symbolize military personnel; plums represent three-leaf flowers, symbolizing agriculture; squares represent bricks used by artisans; and peaches represent red hearts, symbolizing Priest.
The other is that these four colors are derived from the patterns of artifacts used in ancient European divination. The spades represent olive leaves and symbolize peace; plums are clover, which means lucky; squares are diamond-shaped, symbolizing wealth; and red peaches are red hearts. Type, symbolizing wisdom and love.
The other side is popular popular gameplay
First, the bridge
Third, arch pig
5, 10:30 (see "10:30 game")
Six or twenty
Eight, the second child (the land)
Nine, bad Jack
Eleven, Poker King (PK King)
Twelve, Dou XIV (zuà幺4)
Thirteen, fried golden flowers (bottle chicken, catch chicken)
Fourteen, catching turtles
Fifteen, play thousands of points
Seventeen, double buckle
Eighteen, husband and wife
Nineteen, fifty K
Twenty, run fast
Twenty-one, flying seven three two one ("fly" for "ghost", that is, king or Xiaowang)
Twenty-two, seven ghosts five two three
Twenty-three: dry eyes
Twenty-four: playing the dice
First, inverted trapezoid
Second, the imprisoned queen
Third, the pyramid puzzle
Four, smiling roses
Fifth, the event
Seven, the same flower Dashun
Eight, the Queen meets
Ten, soldiers meet each other
Eleven, the rear battlefield
Fourteen, the gate of victory
Fifteen, four golden flowers
Sixteen, double pairing
Nineteen, rotating clock
Twenty-one, the state guest into the city
Twenty-two, eight dragons return to the sea
Twenty-three, red and black
Twenty-four, four with the same painted card
Twenty-five, royal wedding
Twenty-seven, seven steps
First, the poker king (PK King)
Second, 7 King 523
Four, on Hu
Five, husband and wife
Sixth, the red dot
Seven, ten and a half
First, the card
Two, fifty K: 3 to 5 people playing
Third, the tractor
Fourth, Texas Hold'em
Five, Poker King (PK King)
Six or three
Seven, hand one
Nine, Doo XIV (zuà幺4): 2 to 4 people playing
Ten, playing golden flowers (bottle chicken, catch chicken): 2 to 17 people to play
Eleven, catch the turtle: 3 to 8 people play
Twelve, play a thousand points: 4 people play
Thirteen, upgrade: 4 people play
Fourteen, double buckle: 4 pairs of two decks
Fifteen, run fast: 3 to 4 people play
Sixteen, enough level: 6 people to play
Seventeen, knock three
Nineteen, fight for the upper reaches
Twenty, falling pit
Twenty-one, digging holes
Twenty-three, red ten