Poker is an entertaining, gambling paper tool that is popular around the world. Because of its different ways of playing, it is commonly known as playing cards, Wanliu, Majiu, etc., and the titles are different. Its standard name poker is the transliteration of the poker.
The origin of the playing cards is still not completely certain, but it is generally believed to be derived from the Chinese leaf operas that were transmitted during the Southern Song Dynasty in the 12th and 13th centuries. Another widely recognized is that it has evolved from the Tarot card.
Early poker cards were probably introduced to Europe by Egypt at the end of the 14th century.
In the 15th century, K was usually regarded as the biggest card, and A was the smallest card. The way to treat A as the biggest and 2 as the smallest may now begin after the French Revolution in the late eighteenth century.
"JOKER" is the invention of the United States and then returned to Europe with poker.
The origin of poker has a long history. People only know that poker is from foreign Europe. In fact, paper toys originated in China.
As far back as the early Zhou dynasty, it was said that the young Zhou Chengwang had played a game of "cutting the leaves of the leaves" with his younger brother and uncle in the court. At that time, paper was not invented, so the leaves were used as toys. In the Tang and Song dynasties, Chinese ancestors invented a kind of card that can be used for both game and gambling, called "leaf play." It is also said that the generals Han Xin invented a card for entertainment in the military in order to reduce the number of nostalgia for the soldiers. Because it only has the size of the leaves, it is called the leaf play. From the literati bachelor to the civilians, they are all happy. In the Ming and Qing dynasties, the "Leaf Play" cards, each with 40 cards, were divided into 4 categories. There are many patterns on the cards, including characters, birds, beasts, flowers, birds, insects, fish, etc. After the end of the Qing Dynasty to the Republic of China, the cards were about 8 cm long and about 2 cm wide. People called cards. Before and after the founding of the People's Republic of China, Chaoshan folks also prevailed in card gambling. The gameplay was gradually categorized by a simple arrangement. Each card was printed with a digital number of 1 to 10 points, or painted on the board of chess, "handsome, official, phase, The car is 32 words, red, blue, black and white, a total of 64, as a gamble. 2 to 4 people gamble.
Around the 13th century, this card game was passed to Europe. After a period of time, the card evolved into a card, which gradually formed a universal playing card and became an international card.
The number of cards at the earliest is different. There are 78 pieces in each pair in Italy, 32 in each pair in Germany, 40 in each pair in Spain, and 52 in each pair in France.
King size album
In the future, it will become 52 pairs of international poker cards, plus "Joker" (also known as the size of the king or the big and small ghosts), a total of 54. At this point, the colors, points and k, q, j patterns on the playing cards are basically finalized.
The playing cards are divided into four colors, namely, spades, red peaches, square horns, and plum blossoms. The four colors have different names. The French called "spear, heart, square, clove leaf", the German called "leaf, heart, bell, acorn", the Italian called "sword, coin, stick, wine glass."
Later, according to the calendar in astronomy, Westerners set the uniform content of this card game card to 54 pieces and four colors. In this way, after a long period of time, it gradually became more consistent.
There are many ways to play cards. The most common ones are bridges, percentages, red spots, hundreds, 21 points, 24 points, etc., and so on. Since the number of cards in a card is consistent with the astronomical calendar, there is a saying that poker is the epitome of the calendar. The reasons are:
There are 54 cards, which means that there are 52 weeks in a year. Two decks of big cats represent the sun, kittens represent the moon, and peaches, hearts, squares and plums represent the spring, summer, autumn and winter seasons. The red card represents the day, the black card represents the night; the number of cards in each season of 13 weeks and poker is exactly 13 cards, the sum of the 13 cards is 364 plus the kitten's point, is 365, and generally The number of days in the year is the same; if you increase the point of the cat, it is exactly the number of days in the leap year. There are 12 cards, k, q, j, etc., which means that there are 12 months in a year, and the sun goes through 12 constellations in a year.
Poker is not only made of paper, but also many other materials. There are cloisonné gold poker, gold foil silver poker, crystal poker, agate poker, ivory poker, bone bone poker, horn bone poker, bamboo poker, plexiglass poker, fiberglass poker... these cards are used To collect, rarely used to fight. For example, agate poker, ivory bone poker, and horn bone poker have all been made into the shape of mahjong, but it is still playing poker. There are also many special-shaped poker cards, such as round, Christmas tree, shoe, triangle, and snowman.