Letting Chinese children living abroad learn Chinese is a headache for most parents. Due to the limited time for studying Chinese abroad, there is no more environment for review and application. The children's Chinese is forgotten, and the words are always incomprehensible. After a few years, I can't take a few hundred words in two steps, let alone read an article independently. It is conceivable that if there is not a few words in an article, the students will naturally have no interest in reading. Without reading interest, the words will not be reviewed, and it is easier to forget. This is a vicious circle.
A word card is a good tool for learning new words and consolidating the words you have learned. I found in overseas Chinese teaching that learning Chinese with a word card is a shortcut. It has the advantages of quick mastering, remembering the prison, reviewing at any time, saving time and effort. So, what kind of card is suitable for students who study Chinese overseas? In the Chinese teaching for more than ten years, I have been searching for more than ten years of word cards, and I have been working with students for more than ten years, but most of them are not suitable for overseas Chinese teaching. What makes me happy is that I recently saw a set of "common words" on the www.chicool.com website, which is very suitable for overseas Chinese students to learn Chinese. Because no matter what textbook you use, where to learn Chinese, and who to learn Chinese, common words are common words, you should first master, this will not change.
First, the word recognition, simple and clear
At present, some words contain a lot of information, including Chinese, English, pinyin, strokes, strokes, phrases, pictures, etc., and use the word card as a dictionary. Such a literacy card is not suitable for the memory and mastery of primary and secondary school students who are learning Chinese in overseas. . Putting pictures and words together makes it easy for students to rely on the picture. When they see the picture, they can guess the word, instead of literating the word. Once they are out of the picture, they don't know the word. This set of cards has only one common Chinese character on the front side of each card. There is no interference between pinyin and graphics, which is convenient for strengthening Chinese character memory. On the back of the word card there is a sentence containing positive Chinese characters. The other words in the sentence are composed of commonly used words, which gives students the opportunity to learn repeatedly and repeat the exercises.
Second, level by level,
I have seen a word card that includes thousands of words in a box, regardless of level and level. Since beginners can't learn so many words at once, they can't tell what words should be learned first, and what words should be learned later. This set of cards is divided into three levels, which are divided according to the frequency of Chinese characters in learning and life. This is the most convenient for me. I use it to monitor the student's literacy and guide my teaching. I especially emphasize the common words in the lowest level because they are the most frequently occurring. When reading materials for students, the common words in this level gradually no longer add pinyin. When the students recognize the common words in this level, I use the same method to start learning the next level of common words. I think this is very systematic, and there is a spectrum in my heart.
Third, the combination of reading and reading, literacy and application
The ultimate purpose of literacy is to read. The sentences on the back of this set of cards give students the opportunity to practice reading in the early stages of literacy. Learn to recognize a hundred words and read a hundred sentences. The formation of literacy———reading sentences, reading sentences—to remember words, so that the benign cycle of reading and reading combines not only the ability to express spoken language, but also makes these words change from raw words to mature words in the eyes of students. In the choice of sentences, they use some common sentences in learning and life, which are convenient for students to apply.
Fourth, separate Chinese and English
At present, the bilingual word cards in China are mostly used for children in China to learn English. For most children who study Chinese abroad, the ones that are reflected in their minds in the first time are still the English they are most familiar with, so for them, seeing both Chinese and English is not conducive to children's memory of Chinese characters. The front of the word card is just a word, no pinyin or English. There is a pinyin under the sentence on the back of the card. When the student can read it, he can paste it or smear it. My approach is to let students with more literacy use a pencil to cover the pinyin, read-only Chinese characters. If some students need to understand the meaning of the sentence, you can view the Chinese and English sentence comparison table.
The card played a big role in my overseas Chinese teaching career and received good teaching results. I hope to share my experience with you.